Monday, March 09, 2009

NMAH II

Today was very English - grey and overcast, breezy, mild enough to go out with a scarf and gloves but take them off after a few minutes walking.

I walked about 3/4 mile down to Tenleytown to go shopping at Whole Foods, and as I exited the store just the right bus came along.  It's possibly my first bus ride since last time I was here (I tend to avoid buses, unfortunately) but as you know from before, they're easy here because the next intersection is usually announced AND they stop every block and a half so you can't really get lost.

Anyway, I've come to realize I need to re-learn a few southern courtesies.  I've been working on remembering to smile at people, or how to respond to a neighborly exchange.  Well, when I got off the bus, the person in front of me thanked the bus driver, and the person behind me bid her a good evening.  As I walked home, I felt as though I'd been remiss, and am now resolved to fix this.  I'm trying to remember if people say hello when they get on too.
I am no longer in either London or NYC, that's for sure.

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Continuing on from the first part, let us move on to two permanent star exhibitions at the NMAH:

First Ladies at the Smithsonian



The ever-popular and changing First Ladies exhibition at the Smithsonian which holds most of the inaugural gowns.

L, top: Mary Lincoln, 1861
L, bottom: Mrs Warren Harding, 1921
Center: Mamie Eisenhower, 1953
R, top: Martha Washington, 1789
R, bottom: Dolly Madison, 1809 (or maybe Mrs James Monroe, 1817?)



In a case alone, the inaugural gown worn by Helen Taft, 1909

The pale yellow Oleg Cassini gown worn by Jacqueline Kennedy in 1961 did not show up so well in my photo. There was also Laura Bush's 2001 fuschia gown. Michelle Obama's has not arrived yet.



In the center of one exhibition there was a huge Colonial Massachusetts farmhouse in various stages of "undress" from the layers of wallpaper to the mortise and tenon structural joins and ceiling joists. As you walk around the exhibition viewing objects and events occurring during the house's different historical eras, the room setups change to reflect the style of the day. So, for instance, in the Abolition section opposite the Wedgwood "Am I Not a Man and a Brother?" pendants, the house would show the parlor set up in mid-19th century style with the Bible and abolitionist pamphlets on the table.

In our photo above we see a Colonist's evolution into a Revolutionary. An English settler who becomes a Minuteman to fight for his new country. The ribbonlike textile attached to the sleeve is a length of homemade lace, with the bobbins hanging from it.

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The Star-Spangled Banner

The right side of the above image shows the entrance to the iconic exhibition (no photos allowed), The Star-Spangled Banner: The Flag that Inspired the National Anthem - excellent online exhibition here.

Where do I start with this? It covered the War of 1812, a crucial rite of passage for the young nation seeking credibility and a place on the world political stage.

There was a charred piece of wood from the White House. Here's something I remember from history class. The White House is white because the British tried to burn it down in 1814. After refurbishment, in order to cover up the charring and fire damage it was whitewashed and so it has stayed ever since.

I won't get into the whole story of the war, that could be its own post, except I don't do politics here :)
The Star Spangled Banner, the flag itself, is made of English wool bunting and was sewn by Martha Pickersgill over seven weeks in the summer of 1813 with her daughters and a servant. They were contracted by the Fort and were specialists at making ships' colors and signal flags. At 30 x 42 ft, it was larger than the footprint of the house so the work was moved across the street to a brewery and upon completion was hung on the ramparts of Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland, an important seaport which was the site of the pivotal battle. The British bombarded the port for 25 hours while the Americans throughout the States held their breath.
Francis Scott Key was watching from aboard a ship a few miles distant. As morning arrived he could see the flag still flying and the British ships withdrawing, the United States having withstood the bombardment.
Inspired by the sight of the flag intact in the sunrise, he penned his famous poem.

The flag remained the property of the family for the next 90 years while the song gained in popularity across the nation, but it was displayed at local celebrations. They lent it to the Smithsonian in 1907 and a few years later officially gifted it to the nation. But the Star Spangled Banner did not become the national anthem until 1931. And before the War of 1812, the flag was not the most iconic symbol of this nation but used mostly to identify ships and forts. During the Revolution 30 years earlier, the major symbols were the eagle and lady Liberty.

The flag is now 10 feet shorter and missing one star, owing to the family giving out cuttings to keepsake collectors, and thus it remains. After a major painstaking preservation and reinforcement project in the late 1990s, it has been held in a special climate-controlled protective display chamber and tilted at a 10-degree angle for both support and visibility.

The most amazing technological feature at the exhibit is the giant interactive table onto which is projected the flag in movable sections, with point and click info boxes. Almost like the Microsoft Touch table. Another fantastic interactive flag is available here.

I was quite touched to imagine how Key must have felt seeing that flag still flying in the morning, and penning his four inspired verses.

O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hail’d at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight
O’er the ramparts we watch’d were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there,
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

[...]

O thus be it ever when freemen shall stand
Between their lov’d home and the war’s desolation!
Blest with vict’ry and peace may the heav’n rescued land
Praise the power that hath made and preserv’d us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto - “In God is our trust,”
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.



Onto lighter things, I bought a pin for the cherry blossom festival. Difficult to read the card, but it says: The National Cherry Blossom Festival is an annual two-week event that celebrates springtime in Washington, DC as well as the 1912 gift of the cherry blossom trees and the enduring friendship between the people of the United States and Japan. (Proceeds go towards the Festival to offer cultural and community-based events that are free and open to the public.)

I also bought a pin of the Great Seal of the United States of America (proceeds go towards the mission of the Smithsonian Institution, "the increase and diffusion of knowledge"). The card says:
"Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson were given the task of creating a motto and seal for the Nation by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. The official seal was finalized on June 20, 1782. The Great Seal features the American bald eagle as its main element, a symbol that represent the American spirit.

The Eagle breast is a shield made up of thirteen vertical stripes representing the thirteen original States. The Eagle's claws clutch thirteen arrows in one and an olive branch in the other. The banner in the Eagle's beak is inscribed with E pluribus unum, which means "out of many, one".






A huge vat of marbles at the museum shop, thus ending on a fun note :)

17 comments:

steve on the slow train said...

I noticed you left out the bizarre third stanza. Probably a good move:

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion,
A home and a country should leave us no more!
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave

Of course, very few people ever get beyond the first stanza. But it is just a little embarrassing to have the third stanza as part of our national anthem.

Glo said...

Another fascinating post, Liv. Interesting about how you've noticed the communication between bus driver and passengers...~ Very much like here as well. Most people share a smile and a greeting when walking or shopping, etc.

It's wonderful that you are able to share the museum's treasures with us. Those dresses are remarkable and quite amazing to see the changing styles and also to know how long they have lasted.

Also interesting about the interactive displays. Terrific photos as usual, too :) Great duck header ...;) I'm glad I've got company photographing birds ~ lol

Glo said...

PS Good to know that when we 'lose our marbles', you know where to find them ;) Gorgeous, aren't they?

Olivia said...

Gah! Steve! And then you went and put it back in!

The first stanza is the best, of course.


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Glo - Yes, my cousin in small-town Ontario would agree with you.

The dresses are in excellent condition, now you mention them...

Hehe, yes, now that spring approaches, I am enthralled with the birds but can't see them too easily so high in the trees or hiding in the bushes.

Re the marbles: there's more than enough of them in there for all of us.

steve on the slow train said...

Sorry, Olivia. I just couldn't help it. I didn't know the White House wasn't called that until after the British burned it. Officially, it was The Executive Mansion until Teddy Roosevelt's time, when TR made the popular name official. My in-laws have a copy of the White House Cookbook with a picture of Frances Folsom Cleveland in it. I don't know whether her gown was in the collection--it would have been for Cleveland's second inaugural, as she was married in the White House during his first term. But she was probably the most glamorous First Lady until Jackie Kennedy.

Your mention of Southern courtesy reminds me that the old line about "Southern efficiency and Northern charm" is clever, but wrong. I'm used to the Chicago "L," where people try to push their way in before everyone has gotten out. Not on the Washington Metro.

Olivia said...

Steve - nice second comment.

I think Mrs Cleveland's dress was there - I do remember a particularly striking pale and black number and since you say she was highly fashionable, possibly it was hers. I wanted to take a pic but it was very difficult to capture.

Ugh, I'd hate that about the Chicago L. NYC is pretty pushy too, but Washingtonians stand aside, probably because the announcements have trained them well - oddly enough so do Londoners.

The Moody Minstrel said...

English weather in DC...
The White House is white because the English burned it...
The Star-Spangled Banner made of English wool...

You just can't get away from England, can you, m'lady? It keeps popping up in the most unexpected places!

It's interesting to note how the fashion of those gowns has changed over the years and think about what it says about each respective era. It's really interesting just how much the baggy, Colonial-Era dress of Martha Washington contrasts with the no-nonsense simplicity of the early 19th century and then the eye-grabbing (and sometimes bizarre) flamboyance of the late 1800s and early to mid 20th century. That bright red dress of Mrs. Eisenhower is about as 50s as it gets. So how do the modern fashions compare?

Jo said...

It's the International Marble Depot And ForT. Also known as "IM DAFT"

:D

Flighty said...

Well it was very Englishly pleasant and warm here today!
Thank you for another interesting, and informative, post and photos.
It'll be lovely for all of us when the blossom starts to appear on the trees!
I preferred the last header! xx

nikkipolani said...

Liv, your images of First Ladies' inaugural gowns reminded me of the long narrow postcards I purchased when the Smithsonian took some of their collections on tour here in So Cal.

Fascinating about the history of America's flag. I gasped when I read about how parts of it were cut up and given out as keepsakes!

Newmark said...

Of course, the Smithsonian was funded by an English scientist who had never even set foot in the USA.

Olivia said...

Minstrel - you pick up on patterns very quickly, must be your musical background.

I like your mini-comparisons of the dresses. Did you know my master's thesis was on fashion? (Early 20th C, which is why those are my favorites.)

The modern styles - let's say after the 20s. I didn't like Rosalind Carter's nightdress and nightgown style - seems just as pale and insipid as she was.

My favorites were Mamie Eisenhower's and Helen Taft's gowns.


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Jo - hahaha, where did you get this pearl of wisdom for the day???


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Flighty - I did see some fledgling blossoms on a few (sheltered) trees today, and tiny buds on the rest!

You got too used to the planes I was focusing on last week!
Birds fly too, by the way ;)


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Nikki - I've heard of their travelling collections.

Consider that back then the flag was not as sacred as it is now, and also that keepsakes were a way of life then, just as people took clippings of Beethoven's hair as he lay in his deathbed.


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Newmark - welcome. By starting such a sentence off with "of course" I presume you are English.

Whatever his motives, it was very generous of him, wasn't it?

Michelle G said...

oh love the marble shot!

Christopher said...

Gorgeous pretty and fun things you are showing us...when you get a job working for a travel guide, don't forget us little folks! You have such zest and excitement seeing all these wonderful and new things, I need to use my camera more to show everyone my world...you inspire me Liv!

Palm Springs Savant said...

I have always been fascinated by our First Ladies and their lives/history. Glad you enjoyed your time there.

nice marble pic, very artistic and visually stimulating.

Guyana-Gyal said...

Holy moly, that 3rd stanza is gory. Is it still in the anthem?

Of course, being in a frivolous mood, I stayed long, gazing at the gown-photos, trying to decide which one I liked best.

Olivia said...

GG - yes it's still in there, but nobody sings past the inspiring first verse.

The 18th century psyche is a thing we no longer understand.